About Simlipal Tiger Reserve
Tiger Reserve, situated in the Mayurbhanj district of Orissa is famed for
its thriving tiger population which includes the famous Royal Bengal Tiger.
The area forms part of the Mahanadian Biogeographical region and the forests
come under the Chhotanagpur Plateau.
Simlipal Tiger Reserve was made a part of the project tiger in the year
1973 and the core area was accorded the status of a sanctuary in 1979. A
number of tribal communities, including Khola, Santhal and Mankadia,
continue to reside inside the forest. The forest along with the adjoining
areas is also referred to as the Simlipal Biosphere Reserve.
Wildlife Attractions in Simlipal Tiger Reserve
With over 1000 plant species, the Simlipal Tiger Reserve is a paradise for
wildlife enthusiasts. The place has a mixed type of vegetation with semi
evergreen forests and tropical moist deciduous trees occupying most of the
area. There are numerous grazing grounds for the herbivores of the area in
the form of open grasslands and savvanas.
The park abounds in animal and bird population. Over 231 species of birds
have found shelter in the forest and the numerous trees around it. Some of
the commonly found birds include Red Jungle Fowl, Hill Mynah, Peafowl,
Alexandrine Parakeet, Crested Serpent Eagle, Grey Hornbill, Indian Pied
Hornbill, Malabar Pied Hornbill and Indian Trogon.
Project tiger was a positive step in the preservation of the wild beasts
that has shown positive results since the time it was launched. Besides
Tigers, other mammal residents of the area include Leopards, Sambars,
Langurs, Barking and Spotted Deer, Gaur, Elephant and the 'Four-horned'
antelope. The reptiles also register their presence in the form of snakes
and turtles which are also found in large numbers.
To travel in your own vehicle inside the park is a thrilling and unique
experience. Traveling through winding roads and uneven jungle roads is an
ideal way to spot wild animals. A sturdy vehicle like a jeep preferably with
a four wheel drive is ideal and should be preffered.
The historic town is said to have been built sometime during the 16th
century by the Bhanja kings. The palace which now houses a college will
remind the visitors from England of the Buckingham Palace.
Situated about 87 km from Simlipal, the place is an excellent picnic spot
with the backdrop of a gorgeous waterfall. The temple of goddess Ambika
gives the place special importance among the religious community.
How to Get There
By Air :
Kolkata is the nearest airport, connected by
Indian Airlines from Delhi (7:00, 17:00 & 20:00), Mumbai (6:10 &
18:15), Bangalore (6:05) and Chennai (10:30 & 17:00). A private taxi
from Kolkata to Simlipal costs around Rs. 3000.
By Rail :
Balasore is the nearest railhead, connected
to Baripada through regular deluxe buses. Delhi is connected to Balasore
through the Purshottam Exp. (22:30, daily) & Kaligautkal Exp. (12:50,
daily) while trains plying Bangalore-Balasore include YPR Howrah Exp.
(19:30). Trains from Chennai are Coromandel Exp. (9:00, daily) & Howrah
mail (23:00, daily).
By Road :
When travelling from Bhubaneswar, take the
NH5 to Baripadavia Baleshwar, from where a forest road will take you to
Pithabata. The route from Kolkata leads through NH6 to Jashipur via Panskura
and Kharagpur. From here, take the forest road to Gudgudia/Chahala.
Distances from Major Cities
270 km (N)/6 hrs
262 km (SW)/5.5 hrs
60 km/1.5 hrs.
Travel Tips/Important Information
Resorts in Simlipal
- The park can be accessed from two sides. Pithabata is the entry point
from Baripada and Tulasibani from Jashipur. Most visitors prefer
Jashipur as a day trip is easily possible from here.
- Day visitors can enter the park from 6 AM till noon while those with
forest rest house reservation can enter till 2 PM.
- Vehicles can be hired from taxi stands at Baripada and Jashipur while
guides are available for hire at the Forest Department Office.
- Park charges Entry Fee : Rs. 40 (Indians) & Rs. 1000
(foreigners), Vehicle : Rs. 1000/day, Guide : Rs. 100/day plus cost of
food foe guide, Still Camera : Rs. 20 (Indians) & Rs. 100
- Be sure to take along prescribed medicine as well as anti malarial
Forest Rest House
|The rest house
located in the Nawana valley is an ideal setting for that perfect
getaway. Situated in lush surroundings, the resort provides its visitors
easy access to the simlipal tiger reserve and national park.